27.002: Federal Employment Assistance for Veterans

Objectives: To provide assistance to veterans in obtaining Federal employment.



Applicant Eligibility: (1) Five-point preference is given to veterans separated under honorable conditions, and who served on active duty in the armed forces of the United States during certain periods of time or have a campaign or expeditionary medal. Ten-point preference is given to disabled veterans and certain wives or husbands, widows or widowers, and mothers of veterans; (2) Certain veterans who served in the armed forces after the period August 5, 1964, are eligible for a veterans readjustment appointment; (3) Public Law 94-502 authorizes Federal agencies to provide unpaid training or work experience, as a part of the Department of Veterans Affairs vocational rehabilitation for a disabled veteran. Such training may be designed to provide noncompetitive appointment.

Beneficiary Eligibility: Non-disabled veterans, disabled veterans and certain wives or husbands, widows, widowers, and mothers of veterans.

Credentials/Documentation: For veterans preference, general proof of honorable separation such as discharge certificate or DD Form 214. In addition, for 10-point preference, a letter from the Department of Veterans Affairs or military department certifying existence of service-connected disability. When the 10-point preference is based on the award of a Purple Heart, official documentation of the award is sufficient.


Preapplication Coordination: This program is excluded from coverage under E.O. 12372.

Application Procedure: By application forms available from Service Centers of the Office of Personnel Management and from Federal agency personnel offices. Veterans eligible for the noncompetitive appointment mentioned above should make personal contact with the Federal agency where they would like to be considered for employment.

Award Procedure: None.

Deadlines: Under Public Law 95-454, retired members of the armed forces will no longer be considered preference eligible as of October 1, 1980, unless they are disabled veterans or retired below the rank of Major or the equivalent. Veterans preference is not awarded to persons entering active duty after October 15, 1976, unless they receive a campaign medal, for example the Southwest Asia Service Medal, or are disabled. Under Public Law 97-306, enacted October 14, 1982, a 2-year minimum active duty service condition for those entering military service after September 7, 1980, or the full period for which called or ordered to active duty, must be met, unless they are disabled veterans.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time: Not applicable.

Appeals: Not applicable.

Renewals: Not applicable.

Criteria for Selecting Proposals: Not applicable.

Examples of Funded Projects: Not applicable.

Range & Average of Financial Assistance: Not applicable.


27.002 PROGRAM ACCOMPLISHMENTS: As of September 30, 1995, 528,210 veterans or 27.6% of the non-Postal Federal work force. Disabled veterans totaled 83,899 or 15.9% of these Veterans. There were 23,568 veterans' readjustment appointments in the Federal work force. Data are not yet available for fiscal years 1996 and 1997.



Type of Assistance: Federal Employment.

Obligations: (Salaries and expenses) Obligations devoted to administration, not separately identifiable.

Budget Account Number: 24-0100-0-1-805.

Authorization: Veterans Preference Act of 1944, Public Laws 78-359, 93-508, 94-502, 95-520, 95-454, 97-72, 97-306, 98-543, 99-576, 101-237, 102-16 and 102-568; Executive Order 11521, March 26, 1970.

Regulations, Guidelines, & Literature: "Veteran Preference," EL-3 (8/95); "Special Appointing Authorities for Veterans," EL-4 (8/95); "Medical Disqualification of Preference Eligibles," EL-8 (8/95); "Job Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities", EL-11 (8/95) (for use by Disabled Veterans); Regulations: 5 CFR 211, 5 CFR 213, 5 CFR 307 and 5 CFR 720.


Regional or Local Office: For further information contact the National office shown below under the Headquarters office listing.

Headquarters Office: For information on Disabled Veterans Affirmative Action Programs, contact: Office of Diversity, Employment Service, U.S. Office of Personnel Management, 1900 E Street, NW., Room 6332, Washington, DC 20415. Phone: (202) 606-2226. Contact: Armando Rodriquez. For information on Veterans' Preference and Special Hiring Authorities for Veterans, contact: Office of Staffing Reinvention, Employment Service, U.S. Office of Personnel Management, 1900 E Street, NW, Washington, DC 20415. Phone: (202) 606-0830. Contact: Pat Paige.


Formula & Matching Requirements: Not applicable.

Length & Time Phasing of Assistance: Not applicable.

Uses & Use Restrictions: Veterans may obtain employment information from the U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) offices. (1) Disabled veterans and certain wives or husbands, widows or widowers, and mothers of veterans receive 10 points added to earned eligible ratings in Civil Service examinations; (2) veterans separated from the armed forces under honorable conditions before October 15, 1976, receive five points. As of October 15, 1976, 5 point veterans' preference is awarded only to veterans with campaign and expeditionary medals; (3) under the Veterans Readjustment Appointment (VRA) Program, excepted appointments of eligible Vietnam-era veterans and post-Vietnam-era veterans may be made by agencies to positions in the competitive service up to grade GS-11 in accordance with regulations issued by OPM. Veterans must meet minimum qualification requirements for the positions. Written tests, if required, may be waived for veterans readjustment appointees by an agency. Eligible veterans must have served more than 180 days active duty and have other than a dishonorable discharge from military service; (4) under the special appointing authority for 30 percent or more disabled veterans, veterans with service-connected disability ratings of 30% or more may be appointed noncompetitively to any grade level in the competitive service; and (5) OPM became responsible for planning, implementing and monitoring the Disabled Veterans Affirmative Action Program (DVAAP) in the Federal service on October 1, 1982. Agencies must have current DVAAP plans for the employment and advancement and retention of disabled veterans.


Reports: Not applicable.

Audits: Not applicable.

Records: Not applicable.

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